Thomas Jefferson Facts | 3rd US President
US President: 1801-1809
US Vice President: Aaron Burr 1801-1805, George Clinton 1805-1812
Political Party: Democrat-Republican
Birth: Shadwell, Colony of Virginia
Death: Charlottesville, Virginia
Education: College of William & Mary
Born: April 13, 1743 at Shadwell, Colony of Virginia
Died: July 4, 1826 (aged 83) at Charlottesville, Virginia
First Ladies: Martha Wayles (m. 1772 – 1782), Martha Jefferson Randolph
Children: Martha, Jane, Mary, Lucy, Lucy Elizabeth
Offices held by Thomas Jefferson
3rd President of the United States (1801 – 1809)
2nd Vice President of the United States (1797 – 1801)
1st United States Secretary of State (1790 – 1793)
United States Minister to France (1785 – 1789)
Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation from Virginia (1783 – 1784)
2nd Governor of Virginia (1779 – 1781)
Delegate to the Second Continental Congress from Virginia (1775 – 1776)
Thomas Jefferson Genealogy
Thomas Jefferson Childhood
First, Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743, at the Shadwell plantation located just outside of Charlottesville, Virginia – near the western edge of Great Britain’s American Empire.
Second, Jefferson was born into one of the most prominent families of Virginia’s planter elite. His mother, Jane Randolph Jefferson, was a member of the proud Randolph clan, a family claiming descent from English and Scottish royalty. Also, his father Peter Jefferson, was a successful farmer as well as a skilled surveyor and cartographer who produced the first accurate map of the Province of Virginia. Moreover, the young Jefferson was the third born of ten siblings.
As a boy, Thomas Jefferson’s favorite pastimes were playing in the woods, practicing the violin and reading. He began his formal education at the age of nine, studying Latin and Greek at a local private school run by the Reverend William Douglas. In 1757, at the age of 14, he took up further study of the classical languages as well as literature and mathematics with the Reverend James Maury, whom Jefferson later described as “a correct classical scholar.”
Thomas Jefferson The College of William and Mary
Additionally, in 1760, having learned all he could from Maury, Jefferson left home to attend the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia’s capital. Although it was the second oldest college in America (after only Harvard), William and Mary was not at that time an especially rigorous academic institution. Also, Jefferson was dismayed to discover that his classmates expended their energies betting on horse races, playing cards and courting women rather than studying. Nevertheless, the serious and precocious Jefferson fell in with a circle of older scholars that included Professor William Small, Lieutenant Governor Francis Fauquier and lawyer George Wythe, and it was from them that he received his true education.
Equally, after three years at William and Mary, Jefferson decided to read law under Wythe, one of the preeminent lawyers of the American colonies. There were no law schools at this time; instead aspiring attorneys “read law” under the supervision of an established lawyer before being examined by the bar. Wythe guided Jefferson through an extraordinarily rigorous five-year course of study (more than double the typical duration); by the time Jefferson won admission to the Virginia bar in 1767, he was already one of the most learned lawyers in America.
From 1767-’74, Jefferson practiced law in Virginia with great success, trying many cases and winning most of them. During these years, he also met and fell in love with Martha Wayles Skelton, a recent widow and one of the wealthiest women in Virginia.
Facts about Thomas Jefferson | Thomas Jefferson Quotes
Inaugural Addresses, State of the Union speeches, and other documents
Speeches from Presidential Rhetoric
The Jefferson Papers at the Library of Congress
Jefferson Papers from the National Archives
Jefferson Research Sources and Collection at Monticello
The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition
Princeton University Papers of Thomas Jefferson
The Papers of Thomas Jefferson at the Massachusetts Historical Society
First Inaugural Address and background from Bartelby.com
Second Inaugural Address and background from Bartelby.com
The Papers of Jefferson at Yale Law School
The Jefferson Bible
Facts about Thomas Jefferson
Above all, Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence in 1776, which declared the 13 colonies free from England and the rule of the King.
In fact, Jefferson died deeply in debt, unable to pass on his estate freely to his heirs. Also, Jefferson owned thousands of books reading almost anything even if it was in Latin. Also, Jefferson sold 10,000 of his own books to the US Library of Congress.
Not to mention he helped create the human Bill of Rights to add to the Constitution of the United States. Thomas Jefferson kept a log book about with facts and drawings of all the different plants and animals that existed in the state of Virginia.
Thomas Jefferson and the University of Virginia
As a matter of fact, Jefferson designed and began the University of Virginia. Jefferson wrote about 19,000 letters during his lifetime. Additionally, he also used a machine called a polygraph that made copies as he wrote. Which, when Jefferson was younger George Wythe was his mentor by providing housing and studies in order to become a lawyer.
Additionally, Thomas Jefferson biggest political move was buying the Louisiana Territory. This more than doubled the size of the United States. Uniquely, Jefferson designed his own house which he named Monticello, which means little mountain in Italian. While, Jefferson ran a plantation at his home which grew many different types of crops. On which, his farm he had many other people working for him, Jefferson had both slaves and white hired workers.
Additionally, Thomas Jefferson is credited with the crown of “America’s Renaissance Man” as he was one of the most proficient presidents of America. In like manner, from being a successful president he was also an inventor, author, educator, lawyer, architect, and philosopher.
Also, many of his 12 grandchildren lived with him at the same time. More importantly, Jefferson did not believe that having slaves was really the right thing to do, however, he wouldn’t let them free because he was afraid they would not survive alone in the world.
His Epitaph reads: “Here was buried Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, of the Statute of Virginia for religious freedom and Father of the University of Virginia.”
Where is Thomas Jefferson buried?
Jefferson’s remains were buried at Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia.
How did Thomas Jefferson die?
On July 4 at 12:50 p.m., Jefferson died at age 83 on the fiftieth anniversary of the Declaration of Independence and just a few hours before the death of John Adams. He died due to a combination of rheumatism from arm and wrist injuries, as well as intestinal and urinary disorders.
Thomas Jefferson Historical Events
Member of Virginia House of Burgesses
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
Declaration of Independence
Minister to France and Secretary of State
Quasi-War with France
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Chesapeake-Leopard Affair and Embargo Act of 1807