James Monroe Facts | 5th US President
Born: April 28, 1758 at Monroe Hall, Virginia, British America
Died: July 4, 1831 (aged 73) at New York City, New York, U.S.
Political Party: Democratic-Republican
5th President of the United States (1817 – 1825)
8th United States Secretary of War (1814 – 1815)
7th United States Secretary of State (1811 – 1817)
12th and 16th Governor of Virginia (1799 – 1802)
United States Minister to the United Kingdom (1803 – 1808)
United States Minister to France (1794 – 1796)
US Senator from Virginia (1790 – 1794)
Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation from Virginia (1783 – 1786)
First Ladies: Elizabeth Kortright (m. 1786-1830)
Children: Eliza Kortright Monroe Hay, James Spence Monroe, Maria Hester Monroe
Pictures of Elizabeth Monroe from the Library of Congress
Facts about James Monroe
- In 1776 James Monroe left his studies at William & Mary to enlist in the 3rd Virginia Regiment.
- He moved to Albemarle County, Virginia to be near his friend and mentor, Thomas Jefferson.
- First and foremost, Monroe and his wife, Elizabeth Kortright Monroe, had a particularly close relationship.
- Monroe had a strong interest in the American west and its importance to the growing United States.
- As Envoy to Spain, Monroe took the journey by mule from Paris to Madrid to negotiate with Spain for the Floridas.
- James Monroe was the first president to travel by way of steamboat.
- By the time his two-term presidency ended, Monroe had served his country for 50 years, holding more elected public offices than any president before or after him.
- One of Monroe’s presidential portraits, painted by Samuel Morse, the inventor of the Morse Code.
- Monrovia, Liberia is the only foreign capital in the world that is names after a United States president
- The foreign policy that bears Monroe’s name—perhaps the most enduring of his legacies—did not become known as “The Monroe Doctrine” until 30 years after its delivery.
- Similiary, considered the last of the founding fathers, Monroe died coincidentally on July 4th, 1831. Same day John Adams and Thomas Jefferson died years before.
James Monroe Childhood
First, James Monroe was the last American president of the “Virginia Dynasty,” so named because four of the first five presidents were from Virginia. next, he was born on April 28, 1758, in Westmoreland County, Virginia, to Spence Monroe and Elizabeth Jones Monroe. In fact, Spence was a moderately prosperous planter and carpenter whose family emigrated from Scotland in the mid-1600s. In fact, first tutored by his mother at home, James attended Campbelltown Academy between 1769 and 1774, and was an excellent student.
Second, as the eldest of several children, James inherited his father’s estate, but the events of 1774 turned his life in new directions. Regrettably, his father died that year, and young James soon enrolled at Virginia’s College of William & Mary with intentions of studying law, but dropped out just months later to fight in the American Revolution. His first act of rebellion was to join several classmates and raid the arsenal of the British royal governor, escaping with weapons and supplies that they turned over to the Virginia militia. He enlisted in the Continental Army, an officer in 1776, and was part of General George Washington’s army at the Battle of Trenton, where he was severely wounded.
Where is James Monroe buried?
Monroe was originally buried in New York at the Gouverneur family’s vault in the New York City Marble Cemetery. In fact, twenty-seven years later, in 1858, the body was re-interred to the President’s Circle at the Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia.
How did James Monroe die?
Monroe died from heart failure and tuberculosis on July 4, 1831.