Andrew Jackson Facts | 7th US PRESIDENT
Nicknames: King Mob, The Hero of New Orleans, Old Hickory
US Vice President: John Calhoun (1829-1832), Martin Van Buren (1833-1837)
Political Party: Democratic (1828-1845) (Before 1828) Democratic-Republican
Born: March 15, 1767 at Waxhaws border region between North Carolina and South Carolina
Died: June 8, 1845 (aged 78) at Nashville, Tennessee
Spouse: Rachel Donelson (m. 1791 – 1828)
7th President of the United States (1829 – 1837)
United States Senator from Tennessee (1823 – 1825, 1797 – 1798)
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee’s At-Large district (1796 – 1797)
Political Party:Democratic-Republican (before 1828), Democratic (1828 – 1845)
First Ladies: Rachel Donelson
Children: Andrew Jackson, Lyncoya Jackson, John Samuel Donelson, John Samuel Donelson, Daniel Smith Donelson, Andrew Jackson Donelson, Andrew Jackson Hutchings, Carolina Butler, Eliza Butler, Edward Butler, Anthony Butler
Pictures of Rachel Jackson from the Library of Congress
Andrew Jackson Childhood
He was born on March 15, 1767, to Andrew and Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson, Scots-Irish colonists who emigrated from Ireland in 1765. Though Jacksons birthplace is presumed to have been at one of his uncles’ houses in the remote Waxhaws region that straddles North Carolina and South Carolina. Jackson’s birth came just three weeks after the sudden death of his father at the age of 29.
Growing up in poverty in the Waxhaws wilderness, Jackson received an erratic education in the years before the Revolutionary War came to the Carolina’s. After his older brother Hugh died in the Battle of Stono Ferry in 1779, the future president joined a local militia at age 13 and served as a patriot courier. Captured by the British along with his brother Robert in 1781, Jackson was left with a permanent scar from his imprisonment after a British officer gashed his left hand and slashed his face with a sword because the young boy refused to polish the Redcoats boots.
While in captivity the brothers contracted smallpox, from which Robert would not recover. A few days after the British authorities released the brothers in a prisoner exchange arranged by their mother, Robert died. Not long after his brother’s death, Jackson’s mother died of cholera contracted while she nursed sick and injured soldiers. At the age of 14, Jackson was an orphan, and the deaths of his family members during the Revolutionary War led to a lifelong antipathy of the British.
Andrew Jackson Photos
Raised by his uncles, Jackson began studying law in Salisbury, North Carolina, in his late teens. He successfully passed the bar in 1787, and soon after, the 21-year-old Jackson was appointed prosecuting attorney in the western district of North Carolina, an area that is now part of Tennessee. He moved to the frontier settlement of Nashville in 1788 and eventually became a wealthy landowner from the money he accumulated from a thriving private practice.
In 1796, Jackson was a member of the convention that established the Tennessee Constitution and was elected Tennessee’s first representative in the U.S. House of Representatives. Elected to the U.S. Senate the following year, but resigned after serving only eight months. In 1798, Jackson was appointed a circuit judge on the Tennessee superior court, serving in that position until 1804.
Facts about Andrew Jackson
In his will, Jackson left his entire estate to his adopted son, Andrew Jackson Jr., except for specifically enumerated items that were left to various other friends and family members.
- Both of Jackson’s parents, Andrew and Elizabeth, were born in Irelands Country Antrim (Northern Ireland).
- The seventh president was born on March 15, 1767, but exactly where is disputed. Both North Carolina and South Carolina claim to be his birthplace.
- His nicknames included King Mob, the Hero of New Orleans and Old Hickory.
In May, 1814, during the War of 1812, Andrew Jackson was a Major General in the US Army. On January 8, 1815, he defeated the British at the Battle of New Orleans and was lauded as a hero.
Andrew Jackson Biographies
Jackson was the target of the first attempt of presidential assassination. As Jackson was leaving the U.S. Capitol on January 30, 1835, following a memorial service for a congressman, a deranged house painter named Richard Lawrence fired a pistol at the president from just feet away. When Lawrences gun misfired, he pulled out a second weapon and squeezed the trigger. That pistol also misfired.
- He was the only president to have been a former prisoner of war. In April 1781, he was a prisoner along with his brother Robert.
- Although he led campaigns against the Creeks and Seminoles during his military career and signed the Indian Removal Act as president, Jackson also adopted a pair of Native American infants during the Creek War in 1813 and 1814.
- He was a notorious gambler. As a teenager, he gambled away all of his grandfathers inheritance on a trip to Charleston, South Carolina. Andrew Jackson’s passion in life was racing and wagering on horses.
- Jackson’s portrait appears on the $20 bill although he detested paper money.
- Jackson’s presidency was a time of rising sectional strife with many southerners fighting against increased an increasingly powerful national government.
President Jackson and Rachel Donelson Marriage
Before he became president, Jackson married a woman named Rachel Donelson in 1791. Rachel thought that she had been legally divorced after a failed first marriage. However, this was not accurate and after the wedding, her first husband charged Rachel with adultery. Jackson then had to wait until 1794 when he could finally, legally marry Rachel.
- As the first president to truly embrace the power of the presidency, President Jackson vetoed more bills than all previous presidents.
- Jackson was the first president to truly rely on an informal group of advisers called the “”Kitchen Cabinet”” to set policy instead of his real cabinet.
- Andrew Jackson passed the Indian Removal Act in 1830 and signed into law by Jackson to force them to move.
- Jackson was Tennessee’s first representative in the House, taking office in 1796.
- Jackson had a long history of dueling. Like Burr, Jackson killed a man in a duel, and in Jacksons lifetime he was involved in at least a dozen duels.
Andrew Jackson Duel
Future President Andrew Jackson killed Charles Dickinson whom accused him of cheating him on a horse race bet and then proceeded to insult his wife, Rachel.
Dickinson wrote to Jackson calling him a “coward and an equivicator”. The affair continued, with more insults and misunderstandings, until Dickinson published a statement in the Nashville Review in May 1806, calling Jackson a “worthless scoundrel, … a poltroon and a coward”.
Jackson and Dickinson were both horse breeders and plantation owners with a long standing dislike for each other. Dickinson accused Jackson of reneging on a horse bet, calling Jackson a coward and an equivocator. Dickinson also called Rachel Jackson a bigamist. (At the time Rachel had married Jackson not knowing her first husband had not finalize their divorce)
Where is Andrew Jackson buried?
Jackson’s burial is on the plantations garden in The Hermitage, Nashville, Tennessee, with Rachel. When Rachel Jackson died suddenly on December 22, 1828, Andrew Jackson had yet to make any preparations for their final resting place. Jackson decided to bury Rachel in her garden at The Hermitage as it was her favorite place.
How did Andrew Jackson die?
Jackson died at his plantation on June 8, 1845, at the age of 78, of chronic tuberculosis, dropsy, and heart failure.” Andrew Jackson suffered abdominal pains, a bad cough, and headaches as a result of a musket ball in his lung, he died from a combination of chronic tuberculosis, dropsy, and ultimately heart failure.